Flag of Puerto Rico - Everything you wanted to know - Flag of Puerto Rico 2023 (2023)

Puerto Rico⎜ Flag of Puerto Rico (Puerto-Rico-Flagge)

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The flag of Puerto Rico (Puerto-Rico-Flagge) is steeped in history, significance and national cultural pride. Ask any islander, and with exuberant patriotic pride, they'll share their nostalgic belief in the Puerto Rican flag. This is the pride of Puerto RicansO Jibarito, Afro-Tainothat no matter where they live, whether on the island or abroad, you will see them raising their flag. The patriotic pride of the Puerto Rican flag has inspired many to etch its meaning into the pages of history through various art forms. You will be able to understand Puerto Ricans' pride in their flag in music, poetry, films, home decor and many aspects of their daily life and work.

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Puerto Rico is a colony in a post-colonial era, a US territory but not a state. US citizens have easy access to the island without the need for a US passport. First-time visitors to the United States will find many conveniences and the peace of mind of being on protected American land while enjoying a rich cultural experience that feels like another country.

We invite you to relax and take a few minutes to explore this page, which has been created to provide readers with highlights of the history of the Puerto Rican flag, which is deeply embedded in the everyday life of Puerto Ricans. History is much more than colors and stripes. We've included music and photo galleries of images taken around the island. The flag tells stories of past dreams, present life on the island and hopes for the future.

Love and pride for the flag - what a beautiful flag!

Puerto Rican flag

Top Rated Cultural Tours

If you visit the island you will find the flag embedded almost everywhere; from a pair of earrings to graffiti on concrete walls. You can also find it hanging on windows, car mirrors, restaurants, shops and all government institutions. Walking around the island you will see the flag painted on the doors of houses, decorating the walls of abandoned buildings, road bridges and benches at bus stops. She is the preferred symbol of inspirational artists and painters who use concrete lines to exhibit structures. in the most creative way. You'll find a Puerto Rican flag almost everywhere you visit the island, but that wasn't always the case, it came at a price.

The Flag Article continues to track the top rated cultural tours in Puerto Rico

What caused so much national pride? What made Puerto Ricans put on such a patriarchal display? Is the flag a distant dream of freedom from the oppression of the Spanish then and now from the United States of America? Or is it just the flag of a commonwealth of the United States of America? These questions are always present when we talk about the Puerto Rican flag. To better explain this phenomenon, Jorge Dauny, in his book Puerto Rico: What Everyone Should Know, called such an obvious conundrum “transnationalism”. To understand the islanders' socio-cultural conception of the national flag, we need to examine the historical accounts of its origin.

Below is a video of the beloved song,What a beautiful flag, to the sound ofcomplete, a music genre native to Puerto Rico.

History and Design of the Flag of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rican History

Traveling back in time, it all began with the accelerated tyrannical state the people of Puerto Rico lived in, imposed by the oppressive powers of colonial Spain. The current flag was officially adopted in 1952, but the history of the Puerto Rican flag began in 1868.

The first Puerto Rican flag

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On September 23, 1868, Puerto Ricans peaked against the mistreatment and oppression of the Spanish who ruled Puerto Rico, leading to a revolutionary movement in the city of Lares, the clamor known as "El Grito de Lares" for Puerto Rican independence is . wealth from its colonial occupiers. It was at this time that the first concept of the national flag of Puerto Rico, the flag of the revolutionaries, which deeply symbolized Puerto Rico's ideals, emergedHouses cry out for revolution.independence leaderRamon Emeterio Betances See moredesigned the first flag of Puerto Rico inspired by the design of the Dominican Republic flag due to the shared ideal of being free from Spain and uniting to form theConfederation of the Antilles. The flag was embroidered byMariela Bracetti.This flag was declared the national flag of the USARepublik Puerto RicovonFrancisco Ramirez Medina, the first President.

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AccordinglyLuis Llorens Torres, Puerto Rican poet and politician, the white star signifies freedom and liberty, the white cross signifies longingHometown(Home) Redemption, and the red squares represent the bloodshed of the heroes of the rebellion. The original flag was sky blue, locals still prefer the original color; All government offices use the navy blue version, which is said to have been altered to match the American flag, similar to the current Puerto Rican flag design. The original flag is on display at the University of Puerto Rico Museumriver stones.

Design and History of the Official Flag of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico flag design

How the flag was designed remains a mystery with some conflicting facts among historians, there are several anecdotes that explain the process.

Hundreds of revolutionaries went into exile in New York City and the Dominican Republic, most revolutionaries were executed, most survivors arrested. Several of the political refugees were trainedRevolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico (Revolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico), attachedCuban Revolutionary Committee,whose mission was to win independence and national patriotism for Cuba and Puerto Rico.Antonio Velez Alvarado(1864-1948), born in the cityCatapult, one of the survivors who had been exiledNew YorkCredited with designing the flag of Puerto Rico.The design of the current Puerto Rican flag was inspired by the Cuban flag with inverted colors due to the close relationship the nationalists shared in the decolonization of the islands of Cuba and Puerto Rico and in independence.

At meetings inCorner room with fireplaceemNew Yorkthe flag of Puerto Rico, revolutionaries and patriots voted unanimously to accept Alvarado's design on December 22, 1895, it was accepted with the passionate heart of one day enjoying the full independence and sovereignty of Puerto Rico. This flag was first raised on March 24, 1897 during a riot in the cityjacoKnown as "Yauco trial', the second and final revolt against Spanish colonial rule, led by the independence movement. On July 25, 1952, the flag was adopted as the national flagPuerto RicobecomeAssociated Free State of Puerto Rico(Puerto Rico Community, literal translation is Puerto Rico Community).

the gag law

the gag law

Banning the flag begins the creation of one of the largest cultural pride parades in the world.

The long-awaited and aspired independence from Spain came at the expense of US imperialism. The United States flag was raised in Puerto Rico on October 18, 1898, when the United States officially took control of the island during the Spanish-American War. Puerto Rico became a US territory in 1917.

This transition has brought with it a new series of events that fuel this kind of display of national pride. During the transition, the United States attempted to Americanize the people of Puerto Rico. On the contrary, the islanders did not conform to this notion of redefining their customs and beliefs, leading to the unity of political parties and a greater impulse towards national patriotism.

From the day Puerto Rico was annexed by the United States on December 10, 1898 until 1952, displaying the Puerto Rican flag was a crime. The United States flag was the only flag allowed to be displayed.Luis Munoz Marin, then President of the Puerto Rico Senate, passed Bill 53 of 1948 (gag law) – known in English as gag law. (1) Law 53 made it illegal to display or hold the Puerto Rican flag, speak or write about the independence of Puerto Rico, sing a patriotic song, or gather or hold a gathering in favor of Puerto Rico's independence from the United States. The bill was enacted on June 10, 1948Jesus T. Pinheiro, the newly appointed governor of the United States. Anyone who displayed the Puerto Rican flag and spoke of independence was breaking the law and would be jailed for years. (two)

Such restrictive sanctions had the opposite effect in Puerto Rico, and in the decades that followed, this law led many to fight for cultural nationalism. Several riots followed with 28 dead: 16 nationalists, 7 police officers and 1 member of the National Guard. (3) poetFrancisco Matos Paoli See moreout of townHouses, who was facing a 20-year sentence, later reduced to 10 years, the evidence used against him by police at his home was a Puerto Rican flag and four speeches about Puerto Rican independence; phone shared withPedro Albizu Campos. (4)

Although unconstitutional, the Gag Act lasted until 1957, when it was finally repealed.

die puertoricanische Parade

The Puerto Rican Parade in New York City is one of the largest displays of cultural pride in the United States and the world. Hundreds of thousands of people visitbig appleand stroll the streets of Manhattan celebrating Puerto Rican pride. One thing stands out, the flag of Puerto Rico... it's literally a sea of ​​flags.

People hold the flag, carry the flag and march to Puerto Rican songs sourced from every state. They sing songs in unison like "What a beautiful, precious and La Borinqueña flag“. This spectacular parade has its roots in Law 53, Puerto Ricans never take for granted their ability to hold, display, carry, hug or sing to their loved ones.A starBandera.

What do the colors of the Puerto Rico flag mean?

Below are two well-known facts about the symbolism of the Puerto Rican flag (Gutterman D., 1998). It was not until the 1950s that political thinking centered on cultural nationalism became "the ideology of theAssociated Free State of Puerto Rico.“ (Duány, 2017)

Original symbolism of the Puerto Rico flag

  • Red stripes– The blood of the brave warriors of the revolution.
  • White Stripes -Victory and Peace after Conquest of Independence.
  • blue triangle– Our sky and sea.
  • white lone star– Our beautiful island.

The symbolism was approved by the United States Congress in 1952.

  • Red stripes– represents the “blood” that nourishes the three branches of our government; Legislative, executive and judiciary.
  • White Stripes– stands for individual freedom and rights that keep our form of government in perfect balance.
  • blue triangle– means the “Republican Government” represented by the three branches.
  • white lone star– stands for “The Community of Puerto Rico”

Flags fly in Puerto Rico as a Spanish colony

In 1873 the Spanish government introduced a new colonial flag, a design similar to the flag of Spain with a coat of arms in the centre. This flag was used until 1898 when the island became the property of theUSAas a result of the Spanish-American War.

The following are other flags flown in Puerto Rico under Spanish imperialism.

spanish military

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Flag of the Castle Kingdom - 1492

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Spanish flag

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Flag of Spain (1793-1873, 1875-1898)

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First Spanish Republic (1873 – 1874)

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What is the correct blue triangle on the Puerto Rico flag?

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The Puerto Rican flag is also a symbol of the political conflict of what Puerto Rico could have been and should currently be. This discussion is currently a popular discussion among Puerto Ricans. The element of the flag that best describes this conflict is the color of the flag. triangle

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The conflict that is still being discussed around the flag is the color of the triangle. This disaster was resolved when several historians gathered at the Ateneo Puertorriqueño in San Juan to discuss the conflict. It has been concluded that the original color of the flag's triangle is light blue, like the flag of Lares. It has been argued that the triangle's blue hue was not defined when Puerto Rico became a commonwealth. When the flag went into production, it was most likely just as blue as the United States.(5)

Politics aside, both sky blue and navy blue are worn by locals and artisans displaying the flag. The navy blue triangle is the most common, it is used in all official buildings.

For those with strong political beliefs, the discussion of color seems rooted more in opinions about what Puerto Rico's status should be than in historical correctness. Pro-independence advocates fervently favor the sky blue, pro-statehood advocates the navy blue of the US flag. inverted.

The new trend seems to be going back to light blue. It seems that no matter what color the flag is, it doesn't change the mood and meaning it has for Puerto Ricans. Although a popular symbol, the love and pride does not come from the flag but from the love shared with family and friends, the memories made on the island and respect for the flagHometownin the heart.

Sky blue or navy blue, it's still thatbeautiful flag.

The American flag and political status

Puerto Rican History

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While our flag's history clearly focuses on the nationalist yearning for independence, when you visit Puerto Rico you will find that many residents are fairly Americanized in many aspects of daily life, most private schools are bilingual, and more Puerto Ricans in the United States live than on the island. In the past, most Puerto Ricans left the island in search of better employment opportunities. As citizens of the United States, Puerto Ricans take offense when most of the continent's citizens are unaware that Puerto Ricans are citizens too. Although Puerto Ricans have a strong cultural pride, they consider themselves Americans like any other American citizen. The large American flag flies proudly alongside the Puerto Rican flag.

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In June 2017, a non-binding referendum was held on the state, and an overwhelming percentage of Puerto Ricans voted for the state.Puerto Rican, a term likeNew YorkerÖhawaiisch, obviously describes the home state, all Americans, islanders do not have the great privilege of electing their president. Puerto Ricans have an American passport, if they live in the 50 states they can vote for President, but if they live on the island the privilege is lost.Antonio Rossello refrigerators,the current governor ofPartyNewProgressive(PNP) (New Progressive Party) is pushing hard for Puerto Rico to become the 51st state, with the ultimate decision resting with members of Congress.

Out of respect for everyone reading this article, no political arguments are intended. There are pros and cons for all sides and political beliefs. The fact is, most Puerto Ricans want Puerto Rico to stop being a territory and want the beloved star on the Puerto Rican flag to become part of the great American flag. Contrary to how the news reports Puerto Rico's current status and reasons for becoming a state, most Puerto Ricans feel a tremendous sense of American pride and simply want to enjoy all the rights of their American citizenship. When you think of all the Puerto Rican Americans living in the United States, the connection to the "mainland" becomes very clear.

History shows that whether Puerto Rico becomes a state or remains a US territory, the traditions and cultural pride of Puerto Ricans will not end. American pride is evident in Major League Baseball, Puerto Ricans have historically played an important role in the sport, they enjoy playing for the American team and holding the flag, and when nostalgia and pride surface, they fight back. Flag.

Our favorite places to see the Puerto Rico flag

Historic District of Old San Juan

Flags around Old San Juan

Many houses hang flags on their balconies, they look beautiful next to the bougainvillea blooming over the iron railings.

A new flag has been painted on Calle Imperial, don't miss it in yoursWalking tour of Norzagaray Street.

Up until last year, one of the most photographed flags was painted on the door of a run-down building on Calle San José. In the summer of 2016, it was given a makeover by a group of artists wanting to express their political opinions. it is white; The colors express the dark times the island is facing, particularly the negative consequences of PROMESA on the island.

flags on the beaches

flags on the beaches

When you explore thebeachesAround the island you can find a flagpole on a rock that sticks out of the water in unexpected places. For Puerto Ricans it is a wonderful spectacle, a place to sit and enjoy the privilege of being born in such a beautiful place.

You can find our favorite beach flags atSurvival Beach in AguadillajPastillo-Strand in Isabela. Alongside the traditional masts you will find fishing boats painted with flags, the best towns for boating are in theWest Coast of Puerto Rico.Crashboat-Strand in AguadillaIt is the most sought after as the name suggests, many fishing boats dock at the north end of the beach, a great spot for photographers with the sunset over the water as a backdrop. The newseparatedemGuadillathere are also some ships, a little further north there are more ships with flagsbreakwater beach.

Lares, Puerto Rico

Flags around Lares

There is a special sense of patriotism in this small town nestled in the green hills of the northwest of the island. The people seem particularly friendly, with a calm and humble sense of pride. After all, Lares is where the revolutionary isloud cryinghappened, an outcry of nationalism that shaped and changed the history of the island.

The underpass you get toHouseswelcomes visitors with flags painted on the walls. As soon as you enter the town of Lares (downtown) you will pass a smallPlease(Square/Park) dedicatedJose Feliciano, born in Lares, with a painted mural of the Puerto Rican flag, painted portrait, and the Lares flag. Drive up the hill and find a parking lot. You should walk around the square and make several stops to photograph the many flags displayed in art forms.

In the middle of the square there is a small monument with the bust of RamónEmeterio Betances See morewith a Lares flag painted on the pillar. Our favorite flag is painted on a modestly detailed vintage pickup truck.CrapStyle; The owner is super friendly, willing to help visitors and answer all their questions, he sells souvenirs, traditional music CDs and much more with... you guessed it, the Puerto Rico and Lares flags as the main theme. definitely visitMirante Mariana Bracetti(Puerto Rico's Betsy Ross), it's a very nice stopover for families, a great place to enjoy Puerto Rican food at local prices, has a fun zipline and two viewing platforms with great views of the Lares Valley and the Cordillera Central Mountains. The lower viewing area has a creatively painted flag in a seating area, a great photo opportunity for families.

Squares (squares) of the municipalities

Flags on the town squares (squares)

Each municipality has its own flag. Hemayor officeIt is usually located in front of the Catholic Church in the square where you can see the Puerto Rico flag in the center, the United States flag on the left and the parish flag on the right.

City officials allow local artists to express their love for the motherland, flags can be found on murals, lampposts, benches and more. In almost every square, visitors will find souvenir shops with gifts from local artisans.


... It's what he carries in his soul, all that when he goes

For the millions of Puerto Ricans who have had to flee the island, the Puerto Rican flag takes on new meaning, becoming the ultimate object to hold when they cannot step on the ground that previous generations proudly tilled, or the Sand on the way... from the shores they served as children's games next to the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea.

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While in a foreign country or the continental United States, the flag is proudly displayed on homes, the flag evokes memories of great times mixed with nostalgia and nostalgia for what might have been as they go about their daily lives. they could have stayed in their beloved Borinquen.

Having lived in the United States for so many years, family and social gatherings almost always included discussions about my time in Puerto Rico. The dining table often became a domino table, each piece engraved with the Puerto Rico flag. Since each domino piece was carefully placed on the table, this was often reminiscent of times pastBorinquenThey were often shared, some filled with laughter, some filled with nostalgia, and others with dreams of one day returning to the court or neighborhood to play the game. No matter where in the world life takes a Puerto Rican, the essence of the island accompanies them, the flag is the preferred symbol to wear, be it a small pin to keep in your pocket or purse, rather than a colorful flag or a full size flag to display in your home.

A song that beautifully describes feelings of nostalgia is the song byRuben Blades - Homeland. Heimat cannot be easily translated, it is a poetic word that contains strong feelings and evokes memories in those who use it in a sentence, the English word that comes closest to English is "Home country / homeland", but here, too, there is a lack of feeling for itHometowncovers. in the songHometown, “Flag, Flag, Flag"(flag, flag, flag) is used sentimentally to sum up all that patriotic, love and remembrance in the hearts of those who love their "homeland" for which the martyrs fought, sacrificed and finally died.

As in many translations, the essence of a word is lost, the wordBanderait is not the same as sayingBandera, ask any Puerto Rican and they will tell you. The patriotic symbol that comes closest to the sentiments of love for "homeland" can be seen and felt when the US national anthem is sung...Love, pride and respect are so strongly felt in the air.

Patria - Lyrics (Spanish)

A little while ago a boy asked me
The meaning of the word home
You surprised me with your question.
and with my soul in my throat I told him this:

Neighborhood flower, little brother
Home, there are so many beautiful things
like this old tree
What does this poem tell us?
Like the love you still have
after grandma died
Home is so many beautiful things

Are the walls of a neighborhood
And in your brown hope
It's what's in the soul
all this when he goes away
They are the martyrs who cry
Flag, flag, flag

not memorize the lesson
of dictatorships or imprisonments
The country doesn't define it
one who oppresses his people

Home is a feeling
in the eyes of an old man
eternal spring sun
new little sister laugh
I answer you, little brother:
Home is so many beautiful things

Leaves, leaves, leaves...

Lyrics Translation (English)

A little while ago a boy asked me
In the sense of the wordHometown
I was surprised by your question
and with my soul in my throat I told him;

neighborhoodFlower, my little brother
Hometownthere are so many beautiful things
It's like this old tree.
spoken in this poem
It's like the love you still have
for grandma after her death
Hometownthere are so many beautiful things

Are the walls of the neighborhood (neighborhood)
And in your brown skin hope
is what is carried in the soul
to everyone leaving home
It is the martyrs who cry out
Flag (Flag), Flag, Flag...

Don't memorize lessons
of dictatorships or imprisonments
Hometownis not defined
for those who oppress their homeland

Hometownit's a feeling
in the eyes of an old man
eternal spring sun
the laughter of a new little sister
I answer you, little brother:
Home, there are so many beautiful things

Leaves, leaves...

Translated by Luisa Cupeles

Interesting facts about the Puerto Rico flag

Puerto Rican flag

  • flag dayDecember 22 is Official Puerto Rican Flag Day (flag day). On December 22, the flag was raised for the first time at Chimney Corner Hall in New York City. The Puerto Rican Athenaeum celebratesflag day.The city of Manatí celebrates the birth of Antonio Vélez Alvaradoflag dayJune 11, the flag's creation date, two years before its adoption in 1892.
  • Puerto Ricans proudly enjoy the benefits of participating in the Olympics as a nation with its flag flying proudly.
  • Puerto Rico has the largest national parade in the United States of America, the Puerto Rican flag is the symbol of the parade's cultural pride.

Article written byMichael Cupeles is Luisa Cupeles


(1) Legislative Office - http://www.oslpr.org/2005-2008/leyes/pdf/ley-253-13-Ago-2008.pdf
(2) Wikipedia - Gag Law - Accessed 28 August 2017 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gag_Law_(Puerto_Rico)
(3) http://nersp.osg.ufl.edu/~malavet/seminar/notes04.htm
(4) Wikipedia - Francisco Matos Paoli - Retrieved 28 August 2017 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Matos_Paoli
(5) El Nuevo Dia - What is the correct blue of the Puerto Rico flag? - Published 2004-12-23 - Retrieved 2017-08-26 - http://www.primerahora.com/noticias/puerto-rico/nota/cualeselazulcorrectodelabanderapuertorriquena-1055126
Cross, MA (2014). Dream Nation: Puerto Rican Culture and the Fictions of Independence (Latinidad: Transnational Cultures in the United States). New Brunswick, New Jersey and London: American Literature Initiative. ISBN 978-0-8135-6548-4 (eBook)
Duany, J. (2017) Puerto Rico: What Everyone Should Know. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.ISBN978-0-1906-4872-5 (eBook)

Gutterman, D. (1998, December 28). Puerto Rico: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Retrieved June 9, 2017 from https://flagspot.net/flags/pr.html
T. Moscoso, F., Dr. (2014, September 12). -A brief historical review. Retrieved 8 June 2017 - http://www.enciclopediapr.org/ing/print_version.cfm?ref=06101303
Wikipedia - Luis L - Retrieved August 26, 2017 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Llor%C3%A9ns_Torres
Library of Congress - U.S. Raised the Flag in Puerto Rico October 18, 1898 - Accessed August 28, 2017 - http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/progress/jb_progress_puerto_1.html
EnciclopediaPR.org - The Grito de Lares - Retrieved August 26, 2017 - https://enciclopediapr.org/en/encyclopedia/the-grito-de-lares-1868/
Wikipedia - Flag of Puerto Rico - Retrieved August 26, 2017 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Puerto_Rico
Professor Pedro A. Malavet - Colony of America, Chapter 3: Political Culture - Levin College of Law - Retrieved 26 August 2017 - http://nersp.osg.ufl.edu/~malavet/seminar/notes04.htm

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